Sunday Book-Thought 132

Let me point out, however, that in each of these interpretive theories, the stability of the material text – the interpretive location, or material object – is assumed.
On the contrary, however, what I am arguing here is that no such stability in the material object can be assumed with respect to texts. (In scientific enquiry itself, insofar as an atom, or a quark, or a superstring is a text, they must be assumed to be variables in their own textual fields, just as those textual fields themselves must be judged as variables within the larger textual field – the language game – we call science.) If we define a text as words in a certain order, then we have to say that the ordering of the words in every text is in fact, at the factive level, unstable. No text, either conceptually or empirically, can have the ‘ordering of its words’ defined or specified as invariant.
Variation, in other words, is the invariant rule of the textual condition. Interpretive differentials (or the freedom of the reader) are not the origin or cause of the variation, they are only its most manifest set of symptoms.
Jerome J. McGannThe Textual Condition (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1991), p. 185.

Sunday Book-Thought 102

Programming languages have eroded the monopoly of ordinary language and grown into a new hierarchy of their own. This postmodern Tower of Babel reaches from simple operation codes whose linguistic extension is still a hardware configuration, passing through an assembler whose extension is this very opcode, up to high-level programming languages whose extension is that very assembler. In consequence, far-reaching chains of self-similarities in the sense defined by fractal theory organize the software as well as the hardware of every writing. What remains a problem is only recognizing these layers which, like modern media technologies in general, have been explicitly contrived to evade perception. We simply do not know what our writing does.
Friedrich A. Kittler, ‘There Is No Software’, in Literature, Media, Information Systems, ed by John Johnston (Amsterdam: G&B Arts International, 1997), pp. 147-155 (p. 148).